Researchers Develop Graphene-Based Device to Measure Electromagnetic Radiation

Researchers from Lomonosov Moscow State University have developed a prototype bolometer. A bolometer is a device for measuring electromagnetic radiation energy flow based on measurement of variations of physical parameters of thermosensitive element as a result of heating by absorption of radiation energy.

Researchers studied thermal and optical properties of the carbon structures derived from reduced graphene oxide in a wide range of wavelengths from visible to infrared. In addition to the optical and thermal properties of the carbon structures, they have demonstrated the bolometer prototype that operates at room temperature without additional cooling.

Synthesis and investigations of the new materials for bolometric sensors have great scientific and practical importance. Such materials should possess a high effective absorption over a wide spectral range, high stable thermoresistive effect (change in electrical conductance with temperature), and they must be cheap to manufacture.

To create the bolometer prototype, the researchers used a water solution of graphene oxide, which was obtained by the widely used method of graphite oxidation. The resulting suspension of graphene oxide was deposited on the substrate for subsequent laser microstructuring. Laser treatment causes the partial reduction of graphene oxide film and changes the morphology. Consequently, it changes optical and thermal properties of graphene oxide.

The material synthesis for the bolometer prototype was developed at the Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics Lomonosov Moscow State University (SINP MSU). Studies on the optical properties were carried out at the Physics Department of Moscow State University.

According to researchers - Laser microstructuring of graphene oxide opens the possibility of selective creation of antireflective, thermally conductive and electrically conductive coatings. The method is quite cheap, compatible with conventional semiconductor technology and produces antiabsorbing coatings that would cover large areas on almost any surface. The observed properties of reduced graphene oxide partially show the prospects of its use in bolometric matrices and other IR devices.

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