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Questions & Answers on 4G/LTE/5G

What is URLLC?

5G Technologies 

Editorial Team

Aug 27, 2019

As per 3GPP Release 15 5G-NR, Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communication (URLLC) is a set of features that provide low latency and ultra-high reliability for mission critical applications such as industrial internet, smart grids, remote surgery and intelligent transportation systems.5G offers three services that could transform current industries and create new industries. They are:3GPP has specifie...read more

5G Focuses on OTA

5G Test & Measurement 

Dr. Benoît Derat, Dr. Corbett Rowell, Dr. Adam Tankielun, Sebastian Schmitz

Rohde & Schwarz

In 5G, highly integrated massive MIMO antenna systems that support beamforming are superseding classic sector antennas. These systems must be characterized over the air – a challenge for T&M manufacturers and system developers alike. Achieving the needed high channel capacity in a 5G network requires rolling out massive MIMO base stations along with networks and mobile stations implement...read more

To Cancel or to Synchronize – That’s the 5G Question

5G 

Editorial Team

Kumu Networks

The frequency spectrum has been divided by the regulators into bands. Each band, in turn, is divided into channels. In general, radios are designed to operate in any channel within a particular band. In many parts of the world, the 3.5 GHz band has been allocated to future 5G networks. Within this band, multiple operators are expected to be allocated channels as wide as 100 MHz, possibly without a...read more

Non-Standalone 5G-NR vs Standalone 5G NR

5G 

Editorial Team

May 5, 2019

5G New Radio (NR) is an OFDM-based global wireless standard for future 5G mobile networks. It has two versions: Non-Standalone 5G NR and Standalone 5G NR.Non-Standalone (NSA) 5G NRNSA 5G-NR is the early version of Standalone 5G NR mode, in which 5G networks are supported by existing 4G infrastructure. Non-Standalone 5G NR primarily focuses on enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB), where the 5G supporte...read more

What is Better - Wi-Fi 6 or 5G?

5G Technologies Wi-Fi 

Cees Links

Qorvo

Every time a new cellular phone standard comes out, we see new claims about the “end of Wi-Fi.” When 3G was announced, the promise was that it would make Wi‑Fi (802.11b) redundant, which clearly turned out to be incorrect. With 4G (LTE), this story repeated itself and claimed it would put Wi‑Fi (802.11ac) in the shredder. And now the 5G message is that it will cover both the inside and...read more

RF Filter Manufacturer, Bree Engineering Gears Up for 5G

5G 

Bree Engineering

Bree Engineering

5G technology is all about opening a world of new ideas. With any new technology and its subsequent rollout, it’s never just as simple as just flipping a switch. At Bree Engineering we understand that, which is why we’ve been working hard to gear up for 5G.We know that just as with 3G and 4G technology, the RF path is crucial if 5G is going to deliver the speeds promised – which is projected to be...read more

5G NR (New Radio) Frequency Bands

5G 

Editorial Team

Aug 3, 2020

3GPP started working on “Release 16” on 22nd March 2017 and at the TSG#88e Plenary meetings - ending July 3, 2020 - Release 16 was completed. It is a major release because it brings the full 3GPP 5G system to its completion. The following list of 5G NR frequency bands is from the Release 16 of the 3GPP TS 38.101. The new release introduced multiple new bands for Sub-6 and mmWave 5...read more

5G Frequency Spectrum in Russia

5G 

Editorial Team

Jul 22, 2020

In December 2019, Russia’s Deputy Minister of Digital Development, Telecommunications and Mass Communications confirmed that the government was preparing a mm-Wave spectrum auction for the 25.25–27.5 GHz band (with six lots, four federal lots of 400 MHz and two regional lots of 250 and 400 MHz).In March 2020, SRCF published its decision that it would open up spectrum use at 24.25 - 24....read more

5G Frequency Spectrum in Japan

5G 

Editorial Team

Jul 22, 2020

The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications in Japan held the 5G spectrum auction in April 2019. The country’s telecom operators acquired spectrum in the 3.7 GHz, 4.5 GHz and 28 GHz (n78, n77, n79 and n257) bands.5G Frequency Bands in Japan5G service is provided by four telecom operators in Japan: NTT Docomo, KDDI, Rakuten and Softbank.All four operators were targeting to rollout the...read more

5G Frequency Spectrum in India

5G 

Raghav Kapur

everything RF

In 2017, TRAI (Telecom Regulatory Authority of India), announced that they are planning to auction the 3300-3400 MHz and 3400-3600 MHz bands to enable telecom operators to offer 5G services.In Addition to this, at the Asia-Pacific Telecommunity Conference Preparatory Group for WRC-19, it was announced that India will also support the use of the 24.25 - 27.5 GHz band (i.e 26 GHz Band) as well as 31...read more

5G Frequency Spectrum in Australia

5G 

Editorial Team

Jul 22, 2020

The Australian Communication and Media Authority (ACMA) held the auction for 3.6 GHz (n78) band spectrum in November and December 2018. Australia’s four telecom operators acquired 125 MHz of frequencies in the auction.Australia has allocated the following frequency bands for 5G:The 3.6 GHz band spectrum auction raised a total of $850 million and saw four winning bidders: Dense Air Australia,...read more

5G Frequency Spectrum in China

5G 

Editorial Team

Jul 22, 2020

China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) held the auction for 5G spectrum bands in December 2018. Country’s telecom operators acquired spectrum in 2.5 GHz, 3.5 GHz and 4.8 GHz (n41, n78 and n79) bands.China has allocated the following frequency bands for 5G:5G services are provided by three telecom operators in Mainland China: China Mobile, China Telecom and China...read more

What is Channel Sounding?

5G 

Editorial Team

Apr 4, 2019

Channel Sounding is a technique that evaluates the various characteristics of an RF Channel that is being used for wireless communication.In a wireless communication system, the radio channel in which the signals travel has a tremendous effect on the overall system performance. When a transmitted signal propagates through air, it is affected by the terrain and obstacles in its path, before it reac...read more

5G Spectrum Allocations in Canada

5G 

Editorial Team

Feb 18, 2018

5G Spectrum allocations for Canada are very similar to that of the United States with the exception of a few bands. They have allocated 5 main frequency bands covering both licensed and unlicensed spectrum.5G Frequency Bands in Canada

5G Spectrum Allocation in United States

5G 

Editorial Team

Aug 3, 2020

The United States is leading the way in 5G. 5G services are being provided by AT&T, Verizon, Sprint and T-Mobile in the US. Most 5G deployment in USA has been in the mm-Wave region. However, the FCC, with its 5G FAST plan, is now pushing operators to deploy Sub-6 GHz and Sub-1 GHz 5G in the US.The following are the lists of all the licensed and upcoming 5G frequency bands in USA.High Band Spec...read more