Differential Microstrip Impedance Calculator

The Differential microstrip impedance calculator is used to compute the differential (Zd) and single-ended impedance (Zo) of an edge-coupled microstrip line just by entering the width, separation and thickness of the trace along with the dielectric thickness and constant of the coupled line. This form of microstrip is composed of two traces that are both referenced to the same reference dielectric plane.

Calculate the Differential Microstrip Impedance of a Transmission Line

Note: This Calculator works for W/H < 1

  • mils
  • mils
  • mils
  • mils


  • Differential Impedance
  • Single Ended Impedance
Formula for Differential Microstrip Impedance Calculator


Z0 = Single Ended Impedance

Zd = Differential Impedance

d = Trace Separation

w = Trace Width

t = Trace Thickness 

h = Dielectric Thickness

εr = Relative Dielectric Constant


If w = 10 mil, d = 63 mil, t = 1.2 mil, h = 63 mil and εr = 4 then

Z= 138.88 Ω and Z= 226.71Ω


 Differential Microstrip Impedance

An edge coupled differential microstrip transmission line is constructed with two traces on the same reference plane. These lines are placed on a dielectric material of height h and there is also some coupling between the lines. It is good practice to match differential trace length and to keep the distances between the traces consistent.

 As can be seen from the formula below when d decreases, while keeping h constant, differential impedance decrease. The differential impedance depends upon the D/H ratio. For this calculation, the units of d,h, t and w can be ignored as long as they have the same units (mils, mm, inches).Calculating the Differential impedance is a two-step process, first Calculate the single ended impedance Zo and then use this value to calculate the differential impedance. If you have already calculated the single ended impedance Zo, we have developed another calculator that can be used to calculate the differential impedance using Zo.

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