The path to 5G: New services with 4.5G, 4.5G Pro and 4.9G

As the world evolves to 5G, increasing data rates and new applications in networks, devices and applications step-by-step will create a true virtuous circle. Each innovation in the network infrastructure and user equipment chipset enables a new generation of user devices, which enable the next generation of applications.

Each individual evolution cycle might take up to two years. By contrast, in many industries, investment cycles last many years. A company equipping long lasting investment goods with IoT connectivity needs to know that the connecting network will still be in operation in the next decade. To ensure we all benefit from the full potential of 5G services in the next decade, the ICT industry needs to embark on the path to 5G now. Based on evolving LTE to LTE-Advanced Pro, Nokia has charted the path from 4G to 5G.