Simplifying the 5G Ecosystem - Architecture Options

The multiple connectivity options in the 3GPP architecture for 5G have created several possible deployment alternatives. Initial deployments focus on options 3 (non-standalone New Radio) and 2 (standalone New Radio). However, the deployment of several additional options would create a level of complexity that impacts the whole 5G ecosystem – across operator network operations, equipment vendors and user equipment (UE) chipset vendors as well as spectrum assets. To avoid ecosystem fragmentation, we believe that the best approach is to limit the number of options that are deployed.