Effect of Permittivity and Permeability of a Flexible Magnetic Composite Material on the Performance and Miniaturization Capability of Planar Antennas for RFID and Wearable Wireless Applications
This paper is an investigation of the feasibility of applying a mechanically flexible magnetic composite material to radio frequency identification (RFID) planar antennas operating in the lower ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) spectrum (~300– 500 MHz). A key challenge is that the magnetic loss introduced by the magnetic composite must be sufficiently low for successful application at the targeted operating frequency. A flexible magnetic composite comprised of particles of Z phase Co hexaferrite, also known as Co2Z, in a silicone matrix was developed. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first flexible magnetic composite demonstrated to work at these frequencies. The benchmarking structure was a quarter-wavelength microstrip patch antenna. Antennas on the developed magnetic composite and pure silicone substrates were electromagnetically modeled in Ansoft High- Frequency Sounder System full wave electromagnetic software.
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