The MIPI Alliance, an international organization that develops interface specifications for mobile and mobile-influenced industries, has announced the release of MIPI RF Front End Control Interface (MIPI RFFE) v3.0. The latest version of the standard interface for control of radio frequency (RF) front-end (FE) subsystems, is designed to deliver the tighter timing precision and reduced latencies that manufacturers need today to advance the rollout of 5G around the world.
The new version of the specification expands its applicability to 5G use cases beyond mobile, such as for automotive, industrial, and the Internet of Things (IoT). The development of MIPI RFFE v3.0 was laser-focused on satisfying the unprecedented requirements for tight timing precision and low latency in the 3GPP 5G standard today. In this way, the specification helps ensure that manufacturers’ 5G devices deliver the high-performance RF capabilities necessary to enable critical consumer and business features in emerging 5G application spaces.
MIPI RFFE simplifies the design, configuration, and integration of the increasingly complex RF front end - which encompasses the power amplifiers, antenna tuners, filters, low-noise amplifiers (LNAs), and switches - connecting with the modem baseband and/or RF integrated circuit (RFIC) transceiver. As the number of RF bands involved in both uplink and downlink communications has exploded with the rollout of 5G, the subcarrier spacing (SCS) windows among RF packets have narrowed. MIPI RFFE v3.0 addresses the decreased reconfiguration windows and lower-latency switching among various bands and band combinations demanded in the 3GPP 5G standard by delivering enhanced triggering features and functionality, which results in fast, agile, semi-automated and comprehensive control of individual RFFE subsystems.
MIPI RFFE v3.0 utilizes multiple, complementary triggers to synchronize and schedule changes in register settings, either within a slave device or across multiple devices:
- Timed triggers - Allows for tighter, synchronized timing control of multiple carrier aggregation configurations
- Mappable triggers - Enables groups of control functions to be remapped to other triggers quickly and easily
- Extended triggers - Boosts the number of unique triggers available in the RF control system and accommodates increasingly complex radio architectures
With the enhanced triggering functions, MIPI RFFE v3.0 improves throughput efficiencies and reduces packet latency, while also improving the precision in trigger placement. For back-to-back triggering operations, for example, the specification delivers a 20x improvement in timing precision.
Because MIPI RFFE v3.0 is backward compatible with prior generations of the specification, original equipment manufacturers and device vendors can migrate to 5G systems more quickly and easily, without changes to the physical layer of the control interface. The RFFE specification was initially released in 2010 and has seen numerous revisions since that time. Each release has provided additional functionality for developers to aid in the demand for newer RF front-end features.
Jim Ross, MIPI RF Front End Control Working Group Chair, stated that with MIPI RFFE v3.0, the specification has been streamlined and optimized to deliver the specific capabilities required to thrive in today’s 5G rollout across the Frequency Range 1 (FR1) of traditional sub-6 GHz cellular bands. The working group is always looking to refine the specification to continue differentiating and benefitting their user community, and they welcome engagement in requirements gathering for Frequency Range 2 (FR2) and the ongoing evolution of the next-generation MIPI RFFE for the subsequent stages of 5G deployment.
MIPI has scheduled a webinar, “A New MIPI RFFE for the Emerging 5G Era,” on June 2, 2020, at 11 am EDT, 8 am PDT, to further explore the features and benefits of MIPI RFFE v3.0 and provide an update on the RFFE ecosystem.