What is V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything)?

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Editorial Team - everything RF

Nov 4, 2019

V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything) is a wireless technology that allows vehicles to communicate with other vehicles and their surroundings.

It incorporates various types of communications like V2V (Vehicle-to-Vehicle) which allows vehicles to communicate with each other and V2I (Vehicle-to-infrastructure) which allows vehicles to communicate with external systems such as buildings, street lights, etc. Other forms of V2X include V2P (Vehicle-to-pedestrian), V2N (Vehicle-to-Network), V2D (vehicle-to-device) and V2G (vehicle-to-grid).

V2X operates using Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) in the 5.9 GHz band. This is a Wi-Fi derivative (802.11p) specifically developed for fast-moving objects that can operate in Non-Line of Sight conditions and harsh weather.

V2X systems share data such as position and speed to the surrounding vehicles and infrastructure, resulting in the reduction of collisions and accidents.

V2X technology also enhances traffic efficiency by providing warnings for upcoming traffic congestion, proposing alternative routes and ensuring eco-friendly driving by reducing CO2 emissions through adaptive cruise control and smarter transportation management. 

For a V2X vehicle to communicate with another vehicle or roadside object, that object must also use V2X technology. In addition to safety benefits, V2X technology offers a range of everyday convenience advantages. For example, V2X systems integrate automatic payments for tolls, parking, and similar fees.

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